The aim of the present study is to evaluate the diagnostic value of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) for early Alzheimer's disease (AD) in comparison to widely accepted medial temporal lobe (MTL) atrophy measurements. A systematic literature research was performed into DTI and MTL atrophy in AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI).
Histogram Analysis of Diffusion Tensor Imaging Parameters in Pediatric Cerebellar Tumors The 25th percentile for MD yields the best results for the presurgical differentiation between pediatric cerebellar pilocytic astrocytomas and medulloblastomas. The analysis of other DTI metrics does not provide additional diagnostic value.
Understanding the physics of DTI and tractography involves several complex mathematical calculations and formulae which have been discussed in detail in many review articles.(1,6,7) In brief, diffusion imaging is an MRI imaging technique that is sensitized to the Brownian motion of water molecules in biological tissues. A.Leesburg, VA, August 6, 2020—An “Original Research” article published in ARRS’ American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) concluded that the accuracy of breast cancer diagnosis via diffusion-tensor.DTI is a variant of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) which utilizes a tissue water diffusion rate for image production. The first application of DWI to the human brain was performed in 1986 and since has become the gold standard for detecting acute stroke.
Analysis of diffusion tensor imaging metrics for gliomas grading at 3 T ADC, RD and AD are useful DTI parameters for differentiation between low- and high-grade gliomas with a diagnostic accuracy of more than 90%. Our study revealed a good inverse correlation between ADC, RD, AD and WHO grades II-IV astrocytic tumors.
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) characterizes the microscopic diffusion of water in tissues. This technique can be used to estimate the degree of diffusion anisotropy, or directionality, in white matter tracts.
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) quantifies the motion of water within brain tissue. Inflammation leads to tissue disruption, resulting in increased diffusivity and decreased directionality. We aimed to quantify the damage within tumefactive giant brain lesions (TGL) in multiple sclerosis (MS) using MRI and DTI methodology. METHODS. Region of interest were determined on TGL and acute MS lesions.
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Early in the development of DTI based tractography, a number of researchers pointed out a flaw in the diffusion tensor model. The tensor analysis assumes that there is a single ellipsoid in each imaging voxel— as if all of the axons traveling through a voxel traveled in exactly the same direction. This is often true, but it can be estimated that in more.
Diffusion-tensor (DT) imaging allows measurement of the random motion of water molecules and provides information about cellular integrity and pathology. In a highly ordered white matter tract, water molecules diffuse faster in the direction parallel to the tract than in the perpendicular direction, thats because the transverse diffusion is restricted by axonal membranes and myelin sheaths (21.
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a modification of the MRI technique that is sensitive to the Brownian motion of water molecules in biological tissues (Le Bihan and Basser, 1995; Basser and Pierpaoli, 1996) and is a new clinical method that can demonstrate the orientation and integrity of white matter fibres in vivo (Wakana et al., 2004).
The current study uses diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography to construct the WM structural networks and graph theory analysis to detect alterations of the brain structural networks. The study participants comprised 30 healthy subjects with insomnia symptoms (IS) and 62 healthy subjects without IS. Both the two groups showed small-world properties regarding their WM structural.
The traveling volunteer brain imaging data were processed and analyzed by a PhD scientist (E.M.P.) with 8 years of experience in diffusion tensor image processing and analysis in TBI. All of the imaging analysis was overseen by a board-certified neuroradiologist (P.M.) with 20 years of experience with DTI research and who is the director of the imaging core and a Principal Investigator of the.
Diffusion tensor imaging is an MRI technique that can be used to assess the microstructure of the white matter and brain connectivity and produces images of neural tracts by measuring the direction of water motion in the tissue.
To explore the added value of histogram analysis applied to measures derived from diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) for detecting brain tissue differences between AD, MCI, and healthy subjects (HS).
Abstract Traumatic axonal injury (TAI) is a common mechanism of traumatic brain injury not readily identified using conventional neuroimaging modalities. Novel imaging modalities such as diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can detect microstructural compromise in white matter (WM) in various clinical populations including TAI.